1.2.3. (Numbers with full stops) – The numbers are used to denote the number of a species, arranged according to sex, thus: male.female.unknown sex. In this case, one male, two females, and three of unknown sex.
Acclimation – Adjusting to a new environment or new conditions over a period of time.
Active range – The area of activity which can include hunting, seeking refuge, and finding a mate.
Ambient temperature – The overall temperature of the environment.
Amelanistic – Amel for short; without melanin, or without any black or brown coloration.
Anal Plate – A modified ventral scale that covers and protects the vent; sometimes a single plate, sometimes a divided plate.
Anerythristic – Anery for short; without any red coloration.
Aquatic – Lives in water.
Arboreal – Lives in trees.
Betadine – An antiseptic that can be used to clean wounds in reptiles.
Bilateral – Where stripes, spots or markings are present on both sides of an animal.
Biotic – The living components of an environment.
Brille – A transparent scale above the eyes of snakes that allows them to see but also serves to protect the eyes at the same time. Also called Spectacle, and Ocular Scale.
Brumation – The equivalent of mammalian hibernation among reptiles.
Cannibalistic – Where an animal feeds on others of its own kind.
Caudocephalic Waves – The ripple-like contractions that move from the rear to the front of a snake’s body.
CB – Captive Bred, or bred in captivity.
CH – Captive Hatched.
Cloaca – also Vent; a half-moon shaped opening for digestive waste disposal and sexual organs.
Cloacal Gaping – Indication of sexual receptivity of the female.
Cloacal Gland – A gland at the base of the tail which emits foul smelling liquid as a defense mechanism; also called Anal Gland.
Clutch – A batch of eggs.
Constriction – The act of wrapping or coiling around a prey to subdue and kill it prior to eating.
Crepuscular – Active at twilight, usually from dusk to dawn.
Crypsis – Camouflage or concealing.
Diurnal – Active by day
Drop – To lay eggs or to bear live young.
Ectothermic – Cold-blooded. An animal that cannot regulate its own body temperature, but sources body heat from the surroundings.
Endemic – Indigenous to a specific region or area.
Estivation – Also Aestivation; a period of dormancy that usually occurs during the hot or dry seasons in order to escape the heat or to remain hydrated.
Faunarium (Faun) – A plastic enclosure with an air holed lid, usually used for small animals such as hatchling snakes, lizards, and insects.
FK – Fresh Killed; a term usually used when feeding a rodent that is recently killed, and therefore still warm, to a pet snake.
Flexarium – A reptile enclosure that is mostly made from mesh screening, for species that require plenty of ventilation.
Fossorial – A burrowing species.
Fuzzy – For rodent prey, one that has just reached the stage of development where fur is starting to grow.
F/T – Frozen/thawed; used to refer to food items that are frozen but thawed before feeding to your pet.
Gestation – The period of development of an embryo within a female.
Gravid – The equivalent of pregnant in reptiles.
Glottis – A tube-like structure that projects from the lower jaw of a snake to facilitate ingestion of large food items.
Gut-loading – Feeding insects within 24 hours to a prey before they are fed to your pet, so that they pass on the nutritional benefits.
Hatchling – A newly hatched, or baby, reptile.
Hemipenes – Dual sex organs; common among male snakes.
Hemipenis – A single protrusion of a paired sexual organ; one half is used during copulation.
Herps/Herpetiles – A collective name for reptile and amphibian species.
Herpetoculturist – A person who keeps and breeds reptiles in captivity.
Herpetologist – A person who studies ectothermic animals, sometimes also used for those who keeps reptiles.
Herpetology – The study of reptiles and amphibians.
Hide Box – A furnishing within a reptile cage that gives the animal a secure place to hide.
Hots – Venomous.
Husbandry – The daily care of a pet reptile.
Hygrometer – Used to measure humidity.
Impaction – A blockage in the digestive tract due to the swallowing of an object that cannot be digested or broken down.
Incubate – Maintaining eggs in conditions favorable for development and hatching.
Interstitial – The skin between scales.
Intromission – Also mating; when the male’s hemipenis is inserted into the cloaca of the female.
Juvenile – Not yet adult; not of breedable age.
LTC – Long Term Captive; or one that has been in captivity for more than six months.
MBD – Metabolic Bone Disease; occurs when reptiles lack sufficient calcium in their diet.
Morph – Color pattern
Musking – Secretion of a foul smelling liquid from its vent as a defense mechanism.
Oviparous – Egg-bearing.
Ovoviviparous – Eggs are retained inside the female’s body until they hatch.
Pinkie – Newborn rodent.
Pip – The act of a hatchling snake to cut its way out of the egg using a special egg tooth.
PK – Pre-killed; a term used when live rodents are not fed to a snake.
Popping – The process by which the sex is determined among hatchlings.
Probing – The process by which the sex is determined among adults.
Regurgitation – Also Regurge; occurs when a snake regurgitates or brings out a half-digested meal.
R.I. – Respiratory Infection; common condition among reptiles kept in poor conditions.
Serpentine Locomotion – The manner in which snakes move.
Sloughing – Shedding.
Sub-adult – Juvenile.
Substrate – The material lining the bottom of a reptile enclosure.
Stat – Short for Thermostat
Tag – Slang for a bite or being bitten
Terrarium – A reptile enclosure.
Thermo-regulation – The process by which cold-blooded animals regulate their body temperature by moving from hot to cold surroundings.
Vent – Cloaca
Vivarium – Glass-fronted enclosure
Viviparous – Gives birth to live young.
WC – Wild Caught.
Weaner – A sub-adult rodent.
WF – Wild Farmed; refers to the collection of a pregnant female whose eggs or young were hatched or born in captivity.
Yearling – A year old.
Zoonosis – A disease that can be passed from animal to man.